Democrats have decried the investigations as a political distraction and deeply troubling with November’s election now only weeks away.

“Plainly this hearing is designed and executed as a device for the Trump campaign,” committee member Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.) said Tuesday in an interview, adding his belief that the Comey hearing was likely to backfire and “land with a thud.”

A spokesman for Graham rejected that assertion, arguing that the senator’s interest in interviewing Comey is driven by new revelations contained in recently declassified materials made available by the Trump administration.

“We know a lot more about Crossfire Hurricane today than we did in previous times when Director Comey testified before Congress,” said Graham’s spokesman Kevin Bishop. “Earlier, [Comey] relied on the crutch of, ‘well, it’s classified.’ . . . This is going to be his chance to answer those questions. Maybe there’ll be some areas where he’ll take the chance to admit it wasn’t done by the book.”

A lawyer for Comey declined to comment.

Graham has publicized much of the material furnished by the Justice Department, including internal FBI records depicting officials’ doubts about the veracity of information compiled by a former British spy who had sought to examine Trump’s alleged Russia ties.

On Tuesday, Graham released a letter from Director of National Intelligence John Ratcliffe stating that Obama administration officials were briefed on a Russian intelligence analysis alleging that Trump’s opponent in 2016, Hillary Clinton, authorized “a campaign plan to stir up a scandal” against Trump by tying him to Russian President Vladimir Putin and the Russians’ hack of Democrats’ emails. In the letter, Ratcliffe acknowledged that the intelligence community is uncertain if the information in that analysis was accurate.

The Washington Post reported in 2017 that officials believed a document matching the description in Ratcliffe’s letter was possibly fake and planted to confuse the FBI.

Clinton on Tuesday criticized the claims. “It is a sign of such desperation by the Republicans, and it also is a reminder that Donald Trump knows that the Russians helped him win in 2016,” Clinton told MSNBC. “Mostly it’s just pathetic.”

Though the Senate Republicans’ probes were launched during the early months of the Trump administration, they largely retreated from public view after Attorney General William P. Barr tapped Connecticut U.S. Attorney John Durham last year to conduct a similar investigation into whether the FBI’s scrutiny of Trump’s 2016 campaign was undertaken in “bad faith.” They have only recently begun to pick up steam, with committee leaders making public moves calling attention to their inquiries.

Graham held his committee’s first public hearing in June, featuring former deputy attorney general Rod J. Rosenstein. Last month featured a second former acting attorney general, Sally Yates. Former FBI deputy director Andrew McCabe has been asked to appear before the panel Oct. 6.

Meanwhile, Senate Homeland Security Committee Chairman Ron Johnson (R-Wis.), who along with Senate Finance Committee Chairman Charles E. Grassley (R-Iowa) is running a parallel investigation of the Russia probe’s origins, earlier this month directed his panel to authorize 40 depositions and witness subpoenas.

It is unclear what Graham’s endgame is, or when he and others will release findings from their investigation.

Democrats are bracing for a public splash sometime in November, noting that it now appears Durham will not complete his investigation until after the election.

In 2016, Comey was roundly criticized for reopening the bureau’s investigation of Clinton — based on new evidence — less than two weeks before Election Day.

Congress is normally out of session in October to allow lawmakers to focus on their reelection campaigns. But Graham, who finds himself in a close race this year, has already dispensed with the traditional recess and committed the panel to politically contentious work, including a confirmation hearing next month for Amy Coney Barrett, Trump’s nominee to replace Ruth Bader Ginsburg on the Supreme Court.

Matt Zapotosky contributed to this report.

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